Petroleum System consists of a mature source rock, migration pathway, reservoir rock, trap and seal.
Appropriate relative timing of formation of these elements and the processes of generation, migration and accumulation are necessary for hydrocarbons to accumulate and be preserved.
The components and critical timing relationships of a petroleum system can be displayed in a chart that shows geologic time along the horizontal axis and the petroleum system elements along the vertical axis.
Exploration plays and prospects are typically developed in basins or regions in which a complete petroleum system has some likelihood of existing.
- Kitchen effectiveness and source rocks
- Migration pathways
- Geophysical interpretation
- Structural modeling
- Geological interpretation
- Petrophysical interpretation
- Risk analysis
- Leads and prospects analysis